What are Terpenes?

What are Terpenes?
17 January, 2020

Terpenes and cannabis go hand in hand but what are they exactly?

 

Terpenes are natural essential oils found in hemp and all other plants, they are responsible for the plant’s colour, smell, and flavour. There are over 100 different terpenes in the cannabis plant and every strain has a unique terpene type and composition. Each terpene boasts different unique effects. Some promote relaxation and stress relief, while other focus and acuity. There are 6 main terpenes we will cover in this blog Myrcene, Pinene, Caryophyllene, Limonene, Linalool, and Terpinolene.

 

Myrcene

 

Smell: Herbal.

Found in: Hops, Mango, Lemongrass and more.

Effect: Calming / pain reduction.

How it works: Studies show it has a significant analgesic properties by promoting the release of endogenous opiates called endorphins.

 

Pinene

 

Smell: Pine.

Found in: Pine needles, Rosemary, Basil and Dill.

Effect: Refreshing and anti-inflammatory.

How it works: It by hindering a neurotransmitter activity in the brain which can help you retain memories more efficiently amongst other things.

 

Caryophyllene

 

Smell: Peppery.

Found in: Black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.

Effect: Digestive protection, pain relief and antibacterial.

How it works: It binds to the CB2 receptor in the endocannabinoid system which mediates physiological and biological functions.

 

Limonene

 

Smell: Citrus.

Found in: Fruit rinds, rosemary, juniper, and peppermint.

Effect: Mood elevation / stress relief.

How it works: Research on this specific terpene is still in its infant stages so we don’t know for certain.

 

Linalool

 

Smell: Sweet lavender with a touch of citrus.

Found in: Jasmine, lavender, rosewood, basil, or thyme.

Effect: Pain relieving.

How it works: It targets a chemical response in the brain responsible for muscle movement by reducing the activity of spinal cord cells that transmit pain signals to the brain.

 

Terpinolene

 

Smell: Piney, floral and herbaceous.

Found in: Lilacs, nutmeg, cumin, and apples.

Effect: Moderate sedative, antifungal, and antibacterial.

How it works: Research on this specific terpene is still in its infant stages so we don’t know for certain.

 

Please note research on some of these terpenes are still underway and by no means are we saying this is 100% fact. We’re just going by what we have found during research.

 

See the below image (via Dutch Passion) for more info on a wider array of terpenes:




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